Located in the North-West of Romania, Maramures covers an area of 6,304 km2 and has a population of 510,000.
Maramures is divided in two areas: the urban (Baia Mare City) and the rural (Historical Maramures).
BAIA MARE City
Baia Mare is the most representative city for Maramures, and is a major urban center, located at the foot of the Carpathians.
The city was first mentioned in 1329 and developed as a gold center in 14-15 centuries. In 1446 the city became the property of John Hunyadi family. In 1469, under the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus (Hunyadi's son) it became a walled city, that is the reason why the city has an old town, and a new town.
Places to visit:
The area contains a complex of historical architectural heritage monuments and over 20 medieval buildings, completed in late Gothic style.
In recent years the municipality has initiated a major project to rehabilitate the Old Town, and the place is full of chic cafes and bars.
Stephen's Tower is the bell tower of the old church "Saint Stephen King".The tower, built of massive stone, was built at the initiative of Prince John Hunyadi in 1446.The entrance to the tower is through the south door. To the first floor is reached by a spiral stone staircase. From here to the gazebo, access is wooden stairs. The building measures approximately 50 feet and the porch offers a beautiful view of the entire city.
Great edifice is not only an important historical site, but has become a cultural landmark in the late 90s, when in this area were conducted poetry manifestation of turn (at the initiative of Baia Mare actor Paul Antony). Both Baia Mare painting school representatives and other renowned artists were fascinated by the figure of the old clock tower and porch rustic loft reason was immortalized from different angles, the memorable works of art.
In 1469, November 9, by King Matthias Corvinus document privilege allows Baia Mare to raise stone walls for defense, the walls were lined with seven turnuri.Bastionul Butcher was part of the stone fence guarding Gate South of the city, one of the four main gates of the town.
According to documents in the National Archives Maramures, this bastion was built sometime in 1547 by Gaspar some Dragyi, with the approval of King Matthias. The walls were built of stone and have a thickness of one meter circular shape with two levels. Level 1 - vaulted space that was used for storing ammunition, level 2 - is out in the wall that served as bulwarks goals.
Butchers' Tower to be called and "Munitions" because here the soldiers kept their weapons at the time and gunpowder. It was called the "butchers" because this guild have a duty to use it to defend the city from any foreign attacks. In fact, it should be noted that butchers guild was the largest and strongest of all other existing at that time in the city of Baia Mare.
The fortress can be visited daily except Mondays. The price for a ticket is 2.5 Euro.( for 2 adults)
Ethnography and Folk Art Museum
The first room includes objects representing basic occupations, agriculture and animal husbandry and beekeeping, harvesting from the wild, hunting and fishing. In the second room are technical facilities and three of the most important crafts: blacksmithing, joinery and carpentry. The third room is devoted to pottery, ceramics collection (includes parts of XIXth c.) And religious objects (wooden icons - sec. Seventeenth and icons on glass). Fourth exhibit hall costumes and interior textiles.
In the opendoor museum area, Village Museum, are exposed houses and households in all four ethnographic areas, each house is surrounded by economic buildings. The museum was built around a wooden church from a small village,Chechiş.
Other museums to visit:
Archaeological Museum: archaeological finds from the Bronze Age, jewelry, and 503 pieces of silver roman coins.
Art Museum, Historical Museum, and Planetarium.
Holy Trinity Cathedral
The cornerstone of the cult was commissioned July 20, 1990, when he started a build from; therefore imposing religious monument, measuring 85 m long, 50 m wide and 96 m high. Church capacity is 3,000 people.
Romanian Soldier Monument
"Council of Olders"
Romanian cuisine is the name they bear synthesis result, over time, specific culinary tastes and habits of the Romanian people. It is diverse and contains many customs and traditions, culinary dishes, along with habits from the intersection of gastronomic culture with traditions of other peoples with whom he came in contact Romanian people through history. Romanian cuisine includes both daily dishes and special dishes to celebrate.
Bastion- Transylvanian Food:
Buonissimo-Restaurant, Pizza Place,
Sweet Shop: http://www.buonissimo.ro
Curtea Veche-romanian food
Budapest Restaurant-Hungarian Food:
Il Padrino-italian food:
Maramures is considered by many typical Romanian village soul. With its picturesque settlements, green hills and fields full of wildflowers, Maramures focuses all that is life in the country. Viewers of this region have the unique opportunity to go back in time, to be witnesses of the times and of a simpler life.
Maramures is a unique destination located in the heart of Europe, which kept with great care culture, traditions and lifestyle of the peasants of old times. Region substituted for the traditional testament, of a romantic era of simplicity and moral values which nowadays only read or hear from our grandparents.Few habits have changed over the centuries that have passed. Families remain in the same villages as their ancestors. Crafts and traditions are passed down from generation to generation. Woven clothing is still worn with pride. The church is still the soul of the village. Neighbors know each other and help each other.Life in Maramures is shrouded in mystery. Visitors to cross mountain passes, down into valleys animate, where rural traditions unfold in front of them as a museum came to life, a landscape that is pleasing and the most whimsical traveler.
Sapanta Merry Cemetery
The village of Săpânța, located just 4 kilometres south of the Ukrainian border is world-famous for its original "Merry Cemetery": a special kind of graveyard, with wooden crosses painted in vivid colors. A particular blue, called „Sapanta blue" rules over all the other colors. Stan Ioan Patras, the author of this cemetery, carved the first cross in 1935. He died in 1977 and his creation was continued to this day and carried on by Patras's apprentice, Dumitu Pop. Each cross is different: the carved images naively catch one of the deceased lifetime's characteristic attitudes, while the epitaphs are short poems, deprived of the usual cliches and full of substance, written in the first person like a confession of the deceased himself. Sometimes criticized in what concerns the good taste and artistic quality, the Merry Cemetery is undoubtedlly attractive for its unique perspective over death and the special peasant mentality reflected here. Here are some examples of what you can find on the crosses:
"Here is where I rest/And Pop Toader is my name/I used to love the clarinet/And the tuica (brandy) in my glass/As long as I lived on Earth/I kept thinking of these things:/To have what to drink and what to eat/And to play the clarinet/I was also miserable/Cause I was a widower/But for you I am singing merryly/Not the way I am singing for myself./"1949
and one of the funniest and most famous:
"Under this heavy cross lies my mother-in-law
Had she lived another three days
It would have been me who lied here
And she would have been the reader"
Mocanita, the steam train from Veser Valley
Built in 1932, the Vaser Valley railway is still working, primarily aimed as logging wood from the forest for the wood processing factories from Vişeu de Sus. CFF Vişeu de Sus is today the last remaining functional forestry train in Europe still used for wood transportation.
Since the year 2000, there are regular steam trains also used for tourist purpose. The tourist season starts in spring and ends in late autumn. Departure time is 9:00 am and the train arrives back to Viseu de Sus at around 3:00 pm. The train goes up to the Paltin station (21.6 km), about two hours away from the town of Vişeu de Sus, where a nice halting place has been arranged.
At Paltin, tourists are invited to discover the wild, unaltered nature of the valley, to make a picnic and admire the view from the rock platform located nearby. For the picnic, there is a catering service with a variety of food supply.
For those who are looking for a special out of season adventure, CFF Viseu de Sus can arrange a charter train, that also provides (at request) special catering service.
Starting with 2011, CFF Viseu de Sus offers you accommodation right near the station, in the Carpatia-Expresstrain hotel, with a capacity of 40 beds and a restaurant for 40 persons.
For details, you are invited to visit: http://cffviseu.ro